Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley. With archaeological finds dating back more than 3 million years, it’s a place of ancient culture. Among its important sites are Lalibela and its 12th-13th century rock-cut Christian churches, and Aksum, the ruins of an ancient city with obelisks, tombs, castles and Our Lady Mary of Zion church.
Capital: Addis Ababa
Population: 94.1 million (2013) World Bank
Currency: Ethiopian birr
President: Mulatu Teshome
Official language: Amharic